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Psychotic disorders encompass a range of mental health issues where individuals lose touch with reality. This category includes conditions like schizophrenia, delusional disorder, schizoaffective disorder, among others. People dealing with these disorders frequently encounter hallucinations (such as hearing voices that aren't there) and delusions (firmly believing in things that aren't true), which significantly affects their grasp on what's real and what's not.

Psychotic Disorders at ​Reliant Family Psychiatry in Mansfield & Grand Prairie, TX.

​Psychotic Disorders at ​Reliant Family Psychiatry in Mansfield & Grand Prairie, TX.

Understanding Psychotic Disorders

Psychotic disorders encompass a range of mental health conditions that significantly affect an individual's perception of reality. Key features include hallucinations (perceiving things that aren't present) and delusions (strongly held false beliefs). These disorders often impact thought processes and emotional responsiveness, leading to challenges in discerning what is real. While the exact cause is multifactorial, involving genetic, neurobiological, and environmental factors, psychotic disorders typically manifest in early adulthood but can occur at any age.

​Understanding Psychotic Disorders

Symptoms of Psychotic Disorders

Hallucinations

This refers to perceiving things that aren't actually present. For example, an individual might see non-existent objects, hear voices, detect strange smells, taste something odd, or feel sensations on their skin without any physical contact.​

Delusions

These are steadfast, false beliefs that persist even when proven incorrect. An example is someone being convinced their food is poisoned, despite evidence to the contrary.​

Other symptoms that may accompany psychotic illnesses are:

  • Disorganized or Unclear Speech: Struggling to communicate coherently.

  • Confused Thinking: Having difficulty organizing thoughts.

  • Unusual Behavior: Engaging in strange or potentially risky actions.

  • Altered Movements: Experiencing either slowed down or peculiar physical movements.

  • Neglect of Personal Hygiene: Showing little interest in maintaining cleanliness or grooming.

  • Loss of Interest in Activities: Withdrawal from hobbies or activities once enjoyed.

  • Challenges in Daily Life: Experiencing problems in educational settings, at work, or in personal relationships.

  • Emotional Detachment: Displaying a cold or indifferent demeanor and difficulty expressing emotions.

  • Mood Fluctuations: Experiencing mood swings or other mood-related symptoms, like depression or mania.

It's important to note that not everyone with a psychotic disorder will have the same symptoms, and these can vary or change over time in the same individual.

The primary symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking.

Prevention and Management

While it's challenging to predict psychosis, avoiding triggers like heavy marijuana use and head injuries, maintaining a balanced diet, and addressing infections promptly can reduce the risk.

​Risk Factors for Psychotic Disorders

Risk Factors for Psychotic Disorders

Several factors increase the risk of developing psychotic disorders:

  • Genetic Predisposition: A family history of psychotic disorders or other mental health conditions can elevate the risk.

  • Brain Chemistry and Structure: Abnormalities in brain structure or neurotransmitter imbalances, particularly involving dopamine, can contribute to psychosis.

  • Stress and Trauma: Exposure to significant stressors, traumatic experiences, or adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can trigger psychotic symptoms.

  • Substance Use: Abuse of substances like alcohol or drugs can induce or exacerbate psychotic symptoms.

  • Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, including neurological disorders like Alzheimer's disease, hormonal imbalances, and brain infections, can lead to psychosis.

​Discover a brighter mental well-being journey at Reliant Family Psychiatry in Texas!

We're here to guide you every step of the way. Choose Reliant Family Psychiatry today

Discover a brighter mental well-being journey at Reliant Family Psychiatry in Texas!

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