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Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that occurs during the same season each year, typically in the fall and winter. It is believed to be caused by a lack of sunlight, which can disrupt the body's natural circadian rhythms and lead to changes in brain chemistry.

Symptoms of SAD may include low energy, changes in appetite and sleep patterns, difficulty concentrating, and feelings of sadness or hopelessness.

Treatment for SAD may include light therapy, in which a person sits in front of a special light box that mimics natural outdoor light, and/or medication, such as antidepressants. 

It may also be helpful to engage in regular physical activity, eat a healthy diet, and participate in activities that promote a sense of well-being, such as spending time with friends and loved ones or participating in hobbies.

It is important to seek treatment for SAD as it can significantly impact a person's quality of life and overall well-being. With proper treatment, individuals with this disorder can manage their symptoms and live fulfilling lives.

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